Video games and Intellectual Property in Costa Rica
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Video games and Intellectual Property in Costa Rica

The Costa Rican legal framework, in conjunction with copyright law, places video games in a category analogous to computer programs or cinematographic works. However, neither of these classifications is suitable for comprehensively covering and safeguarding the elements that make them stand out as a complete creation in themselves without the need to fragment the work…

Radio Spectrum Opportunities: Summary of Frequency Bidding Process
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Radio Spectrum Opportunities: Summary of Frequency Bidding Process

Through Executive Agreement N°031-2023-TEL-MICITT, published in Scope N°77 of the Official Gazette N°75 of May 2, 2023 and notified to SUTEL by MICITT through official letter number MICITT-DVT-OF-350-2023, the Executive Branch issued the initial decision for SUTEL to instruct the procedure for concessions of radioelectric frequency spectrum bands for 5G services. See Bidding basis

Audited financial Statements and SAT in Guatemala
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Audited financial Statements and SAT in Guatemala

Since November 2021, the Tax Administration has made some communications with taxpayers requiring some specific forms regarding the presentation of reconciliations and audited financial statements, when applicable. It is important to start by defining who is obliged to submit such financial statements to the Tax Administration. Several legal bodies place this obligation. Income Tax In…

Fiscal incentives contained in the new Law for the promotion of innovation and technological manufacturing in El Salvador
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Fiscal incentives contained in the new Law for the promotion of innovation and technological manufacturing in El Salvador

On April 18, 2023, the Legislative Assembly approved the new Law for the Promotion of Innovation and Technological Manufacturing, with the purpose of encouraging natural or legal persons to make, within the national territory, new investments in innovation projects or technological manufacturing, thus contributing to the economic growth and sustainable development of the country through…

Joint and several liability of the legal representative in tax matters in Nicaragua
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Joint and several liability of the legal representative in tax matters in Nicaragua

Nicaraguan law requires companies to register as taxpayers with the General Revenue Directorate (DGI). The Single Registry of Taxpayers includes basic data of the company, such as: shareholder composition, current board of directors, fiscal domicile, economic activity, legal representative, etc. It is the taxpayer’s obligation to keep this information updated, being necessary to carry out…

Equity premium in Guatemala
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Equity premium in Guatemala

The topic of the equity premium has taken off in Guatemala, mainly because of the concern about how ventures can be financed, since: They do not want to be diluted. They need capital. Their venture is valued as nothing more than an income expectation. Essentially, there are two ways in which money can come into…

New Income Tax Law proposed in Costa Rica
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New Income Tax Law proposed in Costa Rica

On May 18, 2023 the Executive Branch submitted five bills to the Legislative Assembly related to fiscal and public finance matters. The aforementioned bills are: File 23759: Modification of the Tax Code regarding joint and several liability in tax matters. File 23760: New Income Tax Law. File 23761: New Vehicle Property Tax Law. File 23762:…

Crimes and Misdemeanors in Migratory Matters in Central America
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Crimes and Misdemeanors in Migratory Matters in Central America

There are several crimes and administrative offenses that may be incurred in immigration matters. Within the Central American region, these offenses are punished in different ways, depending on the seriousness of the case. The regulating and sanctioning entity in the countries of El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Honduras is the Directorate of Migration and…

The myth of fiscal regressiveness in Honduras
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The myth of fiscal regressiveness in Honduras

Sophists were ancient Greek philosophers who, among other things, taught the art of the use of words. Their methods were not always entirely ethical, and it is said that they practiced the art of presenting the false as true. A sophism, therefore, is an argument that appears to be true, but which at bottom is…

The right to employment for individuals with disabilities in El Salvador
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The right to employment for individuals with disabilities in El Salvador

By: Carlos Rodriguez El Salvador ratified Convention 111 of the International Labor Organization (ILO) in 1995, which in its Art 5, establishes that special measures for the protection of vulnerable people, including people with disabilities, are not discriminatory; therefore, it has enacted a diverse legislation that tends to apply these favorable measures for people with…

Law for the promotion of innovation and manufacturing technologies in El Salvador
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Law for the promotion of innovation and manufacturing technologies in El Salvador

By: Suzanne de Tablas The “Law for the Promotion of Innovation and Manufacturing of Technologies” was recently approved by the deputies of the Legislative Assembly with 69 votes in favor. The purpose of this law is the following: Contribute to the economic growth and sustainable development of El Salvador. Accelerate innovation and technological manufacturing such…

Self-Employed workers law in Costa Rica
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Self-Employed workers law in Costa Rica

In the absence of publication in the Official Gazette La Gaceta, the “Law of the Self-Employed Worker” is already a reality. The new regulation is composed of only two articles and two transitory articles; however, its content brings substantial changes in favor of thousands of independent workers. The first article of the law defines an…